Steve Baldwin The classical conditioning explanation of phobias, and the treatment of such conditions. Baldwin This essay will outline and critically evaluate the classical conditioning explanation of how phobias are acquired.
Although reliable ratings suggested that the large majority of phobias were of evolutionary significance, the degree of preparedness was not associated with various clinical features of the disorder, such as suddenness, or age, of onset, severity of impairment or outcome of treatment.
In view of the implications of these findings for the clinical usefulness of preparedness, and in the light of the continuing interest in the concept e. Kirkpatrick, it was decided to repeat this study. These 49 patients comprised approx. The catagories of specific phobia were: The mean age of the patients was These records were scrutinized independently by two experienced clinical psychologists who noted for each patient: In addition, they assessed from the questionnaires and therapists notes the patients clinical condition before and after treatment.
The following variables were assessed, each on a S-point scale, with each point being defined by a clinical description: In addition, they also made a global assessment of outcome, also using a 5-point scale.
In the subsequent analyses, the sums of the two ratings were used. As in the earlier study, the cases were unevenly distributed along the preparedness continuum both for content and behaviour Kolmogorov-Smirnov one-sample test: The preparedness of the disorder also did not predict therapeutic outcome.
This is of course consistent with the findings of de Silva t-r al.
These findmgs therefore confirm, and extend, those of de Silva er a. They suggest that the concept is of little direct clinical usefulness in that, for example. The findings do not of course necessarily disconfirm the general hypothesis that phobias are prepared, which is indeed supported by the finding that the majority of phobias were rated as prepared.
The failure to detect clinically relevant associations may reflect the homogeneity of the populations of the two studies.Unit 2 Topic D – PHOBIAS Unit code – 5PS02 3 The evolutionary explanation of preparedness According to the theory of evolution, some behaviour is adaptive because they can help an animal to barnweddingvt.coms that respond with fear to dangerous situations such as deep water or.
Neuroscience looks at phobias from the point of view of “neural circuitry,” more specifically the amygdala and a variety of complex hormones, and this has been written up extensively in the literature.
But even in the face of such technologically advanced research, the theory of . Simple phobias have been one of the most important anxiety disorders in terms of the development of cognitive- behaviour therapy.
However, recent developments in conditioning theory and cognitive psychology have led to Aetiology Preparedness theory of phobias At present there is no single aetiological explanation of Simple Phobias. The most.
research on preparedness theory of phobias found. monkeys and humans to fear snakes but almost impossible to condition either to fear a flower this supports the _____ theory of phobias.
preparedness. Abnormal Psych Chapter 5: Anxiety Disorders. terms.
The Evolutionary Theory of Phobias - The Evolutionary Theory of Phobias BATs - Evaluate the Behaviourist Theory of phobias (C+) - Outline and evaluate the evolutionary theory for explaining phobias (C+) | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view.
Preparedness: students analyse the data from each specific phobia to see which are the most barnweddingvt.coms Project: Students devise and conduct a questionnaire to gather information about phobias to explore social learning or evolutionary preparedness in relation to specific phobias.