These ideas were transmitted beyond the confines of the classical polis as the Greek city-states came under the suzerainty of larger kingdoms after an initial Macedonian conquest at the end of the fourth century B. C; those kingdoms in turn were eventually conquered and significantly assimilated by the Roman republic, later transmuted into an empire.
Share9 Shares Ancient Greece has had an enormous amount of impact on culture in the Western world. Some of the first works of literature in the west, of which we have record, come from Greece, and although they were created at a time after older works from Mesopotamia, such epic poems as the Iliad and Odyssey have exerted wide influence over generation after generation of western thinkers.
Greeks have made huge contributions to the world in various aspects, however this is most noticeable in literature, architecture, Olympic games, science, mathematics and politics.
Here is a list of some of the most influential and memorable ancient Greeks. He is referred to as the father of Western medicine in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic School of Medicine. This intellectual school revolutionized medicine in ancient Greece, establishing it as a discipline distinct from other fields that it had traditionally been associated with notably theurgy and philosophythus establishing medicine as a profession.
Many, most notably Aristotle, regard him as the first philosopher in the Greek tradition. In mathematics, Thales used geometry to solve problems, such as calculating the height of pyramids and the distance of ships from the shore.
As a result, he has been hailed as the first true mathematician, and is the first known individual to whom a mathematical discovery has been attributed.
Also, Thales was the first person known to have studied electricity. Phidias also designed the statues of the goddess Athena on the Athenian Acropolis, namely the Athena Parthenos, inside the Parthenon and the Athena Promachos, a colossal bronze statue of Athena which stood between it and the Propylaea, a monumental gateway that served as the entrance to the Acropolis in Athens.
Prior to the Peloponnesian war, Phidias was accused of embezzling gold intended for the statue of Athena inside the Parthenon. But…Solon was given his extraordinary commission by the nobles, who wanted him to eliminate the threat that the position of the nobles as a whole would be overthrown. A Sourcebook, Routledge, Londonp.
Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker and poet.
He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic and moral decline in archaic Athens. His reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for Athenian democracy.
He was an influential pre-Socratic philosopher and pupil of Leucippus, who formulated an atomic theory for the cosmos. His exact contributions are difficult to disentangle from his mentor Leucippus, as they are often mentioned together in texts.
Their speculation on atoms, taken from Leucippus, bears a passing and partial resemblance to the 19th century understanding of atomic structure that has led some to regard Democritus as more of a scientist than other Greek philosophers; however, their ideas rested on very different bases.
Largely ignored in ancient Athens, Democritus was, nevertheless, well-known to his fellow northern-born philosopher Aristotle.
Plato is said to have disliked him so much that he wished all his books burned. Although some of his stories were not completely accurate, he claimed that he was reporting only what had been told to him.
Little is known of his personal history, since ancient records are scanty, contradictory and often fanciful. Leonidas I is notable for his leadership at the Battle of Thermopylae, which has long been the topic of cultural inspiration, as it is perhaps the most famous military last stand of all time.
Although modern historians have questioned the numbers presented by Herodotus, with most at aroundtoinvaders, the story has resonated with authors and poets for centuries over the inspiring bravery and resolution of the Spartans. Even more, both ancient and modern writers used the Battle of Thermopylae as an example of the superior power of a volunteer army of freemen defending native soil.
The sacrifice of the Spartans and the Thespians has captured the minds of many throughout the ages and has given birth to many cultural references as a result.
Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Among his advances in physics are the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and an explanation of the principle of the lever. He is credited with designing innovative machines, including siege engines and the screw pump that bears his name.
Modern experiments have tested claims that Archimedes designed machines capable of lifting attacking ships out of the water and setting ships on fire using an array of mirrors.Greek philosophy, and philosophy itself, begins around B.C.
with a man called Thales, reaches its magnificent climax with Socrates, Plato and Aristotle, and peters out in the twilight of the Roman Empire many centuries later.
These three movements of thought define the major periods of ancient Greek philosophy: The time of the philosophers. Pic Credit: barnweddingvt.com The famous ancient Greek physician who used to live around the age of Pericles of the classical Greece and was undoubtedly one of the earliest influential figures in .
Aug 21, · Watch video · Following Socrates’ forced suicide, Plato spent 12 years traveling in southern Italy, Sicily and Egypt, studying with other philosophers including followers of the mystic mathematician Pythagoras.
It was one of the rules which, above all others, made Doctor Franklin the most amiable of men in society, "never to contradict anybody." If he was urged to announce an opinion, he did it rather by asking questions, as if for information, or by suggesting doubts.
Adv World History 1- Ancient Greece. STUDY. PLAY.
Other city states looked to Athens for what? What did the acropolis symbolize for Athens?
that Athens was "the top" Who were the three most famous Greek philosophers? Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. What type of government did Athens have? Why was the sea important to Athens during the. Much of Western philosophy finds its basis in the thoughts and teachings of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle.
You can’t begin a study of world philosophy without talking about these guys: the Big Three ancient Greek philosophers.